Autonomy of an oppressed people such as the Roma is dependent on economic opportunities. To make this work there must be a concern towards democracy, participation and the co-operative principle in industry and commerce within a competitive environment in which the state allows the market to operate freely where possible but intervenes where necessary.
There must be a unified sense of partnership and community in all areas of life.
The recognition that the independence of individuals is safeguarded by their personal ownership of property, is noted. However, the market alone does not distribute wealth or income fairly.
We promote the rights of all citizens to social provision and cultural activity. We seek to make public services responsive to the people they serve, and to encourage a variety and innovation within them and to make them available on equal terms to all.
Our responsibility for justice and liberty cannot be confined by transnational boundaries.
We are committed to fight against socially induced poverty due to a lack of upward mobility. Oppression, hunger, ignorance, disease and aggression. Wherever and Whenever an occurrence of social injustice occurs against the Roma WRF will take steps to not only bring awareness by remedy. It is essential to promote the free movement of ideas, people, goods and services.
We will work with all member countries towards an equitable and peaceful international order and a durable system of common security. Within the European Community we affirm the values of federalism and integration and work for unity based on these
principles. It is our core agenda to continually contribute to the process of peace.
For example, Kurds, Palestinians, Vatican
Self-governance, self-government, or self-rule is the ability of a person or group to exercise all necessary functions of regulation without intervention from an external authority. It may refer to personal conduct or to any form of institution, such as family units, social groups, affinity groups, legal bodies, industry bodies, religions, and political entities of various degree.
The Internal Aspect
Internal self-determination is the right of peoples to enjoy the freedom of authentic self-government, which may entail autonomy vis-à-vis other entities in the state. The internal dimension encompasses a right to equitable representation in legislative, executive, and judicial institutions, and is also said to enable peoples to freely choose their political and economic regimes and enjoy related rights, such as the right to vote, the right of peaceful assembly, and the freedom of expression.
UN, NATO, EU, OSCE, CoE etc.
The involvement of international organizations in the realm of regional peace and security, and their cooperation in this domain with the United Nations, has reached an unprecedented level. Regional organizations have traditionally been formed around economic, political, or environmental objectives, however, over the last decades these organizations have gradually penetrated into the security sphere and developed their capacities in conflict prevention, peacekeeping, or post-war reconstruction.
In Europe, Africa, Asia, or the Americas, regional and other intergovernmental organizations have been concurrently empowered by the UN and their own member states to maintain peace and security. Despite suffering from important discrepancies in both their mandates and capacities, regional organizations have become indisputable actors that play a role from the outbreak of a crisis to the reconstruction efforts in the aftermath of a conflict.
European Union Statement
Excerpt from official correspondence
Helena Dalli (born Helena Abela, 29 September 1962) is a Maltese politician serving as European Commissioner for Equality since 1 December 2019. She is a member of the Labour Party) stated that “I am afraid the European Commission has no competence regarding the self-determination and status of stateless people. Firstly, the EU Treaties do not cover the right to self- determination. Secondly, the EU legal system constitutes an autonomous legal order.” and “Only international agreements entered into by the EU (and by the EU and its Member States) are an integral part of the EU legal order”
Our Answer to the EU
In the absence of any specific provision in European law, no right may be claimed
by a state under European law to limit the collectively exercised human right to self-determination of individuals belonging to a European people without a state within the EU. EU citizenship rights and, more general, the political rights of Europeans are recognized and protected by European law. These include freedom of expression (Art. 10 ECHR) and freedom of assembly and association (Art. 11 ECHR), which gave rise to interesting case law. Both these freedoms may be, according to the ECHR, limited by state authorities, however, “no restrictions shall be placed on the exercise of these rights other than such as are
prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others” (Art. 11 § 2 ECHR).
The European Union (EU) has concluded a number of international agreements with entities that are not recognized as sovereign states. It is noteworthy that in the Psagot judgment, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice defined the notion of a ‘State’ as “a sovereign entity exercising, within its geographical boundaries, the full range of powers recognized by international law.” In the same judgment, it defined the term ‘territories’ as “geographic spaces which, whilst being under the jurisdiction of the international responsibility of a State, nevertheless have a separate or distinct status from that State under international law”. See: ecj, Case C- 363/ 18, Organisation juive européenne, Vignoble Psagot v. Ministre de l’économie et de finance, EU:C:2019:954, paras. 29– 31.
Conventions, Treaties & Legal Instruments
Taking into consideration international instruments and mechanisms protecting Self Determination:
Article 1(2), Charter of the United Nations
Articles 1 and 12, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Article 1(1), International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
General Recommendation No.21 on Right to Self-Determination, Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Article 29, Convention on the Rights of the Child
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
General Comment No.12 on Self-Determination8, Human Rights Committee
Article II, Resolution 260A(III) on the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, General Assembly
ILO Convention concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries, No. 16910
Declaration on Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation Among States
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities
Resolution 1803 (XVII) of 14 December 1962, ‘Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources’, UN General Assembly
The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights
Copenhagen Criteria for EU Accession
For Example Purposes
In Kosovo’s case, the legal concept of self-determination consists of two distinct subsidiary parts. The default rule is "internal self determination," which is essentially the protection of minority rights within a state. As long as a state provides a minority group the ability to speak their language, practice their culture in a meaningful way, and effectively participate in the political community, then that group is said to have internal self-determination.
Secession, or "external self-determination," is generally disfavored. In re Secession of Quebec, the Supreme Court of Canada found that "[a] right to external self-determination (which in this case potentially takes the form of the assertion of a right to unilateral secession) arises only in the most extreme cases and, even then, under carefully defined circumstances?"
More recently, it has been postulated that the right to self-determination can be exercised ‘internally’ as well. Internal self-determination allows a people broader control over their political, economic, social and cultural development, while stopping short of secession. The development of a new conception of ‘peoples’ has evolved with the development of the idea of internal self-determination.
In this context, the definition of ‘peoples’ is not only limited to the population of a fixed territorial entity but also encompasses indigenous groups and potentially some minorities. Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing in those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal systems.
Criteria for the definition of "people(s)" was proposed during the 2010 Kosovo case decision of the International Court of Justice:
1. traditions and culture
3. historical ties and heritage
6. sense of identity or kinship
7. the will to constitute a people
8. common suffering.
According to Article 21, paragraph 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
Form a democratic Self-Government with the help of our international organization, by forming a global coalition with leaders and NGOs to exercise our rights through the principals of Internal Self Determination
Enter into bilateral relations with individual states where there have significant Roma populations.
Obtain OBSERVER STATUS
Reach an international agreement with the European Union and the United Nations
Become a Non Territorial Nation
Roma would be allowed to determine the nature of their status at the table according to the terms of their own culture, through negotiation with other members of the world community.